If you have diabetes, you should be careful that everything you eat and drink falls within the guidelines for good glucose control. Since it is not possible to obtain detailed information on all food items with you at all times, you can follow some acceptable shortcuts to track what you eat and stay within the guidelines. The main type of food to trace carbohydrates, which increases blood sugar within 15 minutes of eating
What is a Carb <. ?
carbohydrates, or carbohydrate foods contain grains, cereals, sugar (including honey), milk, fruits and vegetables. A balanced diet should contain carbohydrates as part of every healthy meal or snack. However, if you eat too many carbohydrates, your blood sugar may spike. To maintain good blood glucose control, you need to know what foods are considered carbohydrates and how much of these constitutes a serving. Your doctor or dietitian will tell you how many servings are appropriate for your particular circumstances.
What is a Carb Serving?
In connection with glucose control, is a carbohydrate serving size 15 grams, and each carb serving has about 60 calories. This can be quite different from the “serving size” listed on food labels.
So-called “non-starchy” vegetables are high in fiber, and so low in calories that they count as a “free” food and need not be factored into the overall carb-counting strategy unless you eat large amounts (3 cups uncooked or 1:01 / 2 cups cooked). These include green salad, asparagus, celery, cucumber, onion, mushrooms, spinach, peapods and squash. Starchy vegetables include potatoes (white and sweet), corn, peas, beans, most squash and pumpkins. die
Estimation Carbohydrates for Foods Without Labels
Fruits and vegetables usually do not come with labels, so you really need to learn your portion sizes of these foods. A serving of fresh fruit is about 4 oz. , While a portion canned or frozen fruit is ½ cup and a starchy vegetable serving is also ½ cup. Three grams of baked potato is a servant. A pasta or rice serving is 1/3 cup. One serving of ice cream (regular type, with no added candy, swirls or nuts) is ½ cup. Three cups of air-popped popcorn is only one carb serving. It’s a good idea to actually weigh and measure these until you are familiar with what these portion sizes look like.
Counting Carbohydrates for Foods With Labels
When food labels are available, you can easily calculate carb servings. If the total carbohydrates for the listed serving size is over 15, part of 15. If the total carbohydrates for the listed serving size is less than 15, then multiply to reach your 15-gram serving. If you know how many calories a serving, but not carbohydrate grams, divide the calories by four to determine carb grams, then divide or multiply by 15. For example, a 75-calorie slice of whole grain bread 1:01 / 4 servings (75 / 4 = 18.75 divided by 15 = 1.25), while 3:20-calorie crackers equals one serving. An occasional treat as real maple syrup is slightly more complicated to calculate. The listed serving size ¼ cup has 210 calories and 53 grams of carbohydrate. Since there are 4 tablespoons in ¼ cup, sharing the 53 grams with ¼, and you get just a smidge under 15 gram serving.