When any kind of carbohydrates are eaten, the body converts them into glucose, also called blood sugar. It is then used for immediate energy or stored as glycogen and used for energy at a later time. When blood sugar becomes elevated, it takes a condition called hyperglycemia place. This usually happens with diabetics that they have a hard time producing insulin — a hormone that helps to stabilize blood sugar. Proper diet for high blood sugar focuses on moderation, balance and elimination.
There are many foods that can lead to high blood sugar, and they should be removed from the daily diet. Foods that contain a lot of saturated fat should be avoided. When blood sugar levels are high, driving the body the risk of developing clogged arteries that can lead to heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. For this reason, the main source of fat in the diet be polyunsaturated or monounsaturated — olive oil, canola oil, nuts and seeds. Trans fats and saturated fats that come from fat, butter and margarine should be kept to very small quantities.
Carbohydrates can be classified by the effect they have on blood sugar. High glycemic carbohydrates spike blood sugar levels and should be eaten in small amounts. Low glycemic carbohydrates enter the bloodstream slowly, which can reduce the amount of blood sugar that is released. All-Bran cereal, soy milk, yogurt, cherries, apples, whole wheat pasta, multi-grain bread and beans are low glycemic carbohydrates.
The intake of high cholesterol foods can lead to plaque build up in the blood vessels which can lead to clogged arteries. Eat lean meat instead of processed meats, low fat dairy products and egg whites or substitutes instead of regular eggs with yolks. Another option that can be used instead of meat is completely fish. Cold water fish such as mackerel, salmon, herring and tuna are also high in omega-3 fatty acids that also helps reduce triglycerides and cholesterol.
Fiber has many benefits. It fills you up, it promotes regularity, helps block the absorption of cholesterol and also regulates blood sugar. Some examples of high fiber foods to include in your diet is wheat bran, fruits, vegetables, legumes and nuts. According to the Mayo Clinic, you should get 20 to 30 grams of fiber each day.