No carbs or fat is inherently bad. Some fat is very beneficial, while others should be avoided. Some foods are high in bad carbohydrates, while others should be eaten often. Many diets have conflicting information about carbohydrates and fats, but in reality, should never be eliminated
Carbohydrates are just sugar molecules. The complexity of the sugar chain determines whether it is a “complex” carb or a “simple” carb. Complex carbohydrates take longer for your body to break apart, and therefore contain more calories. In turn, they also take longer to digest. Some carbohydrates, such as fiber, can not be broken apart. Simple carbohydrates are made by only a few sugar chains and are easily digested and broken into pieces. The University of Illinois health department says that carbohydrates are necessary for the brain, muscles, liver, kidneys, intestines and other areas of the body. Glucose affects how each body can function.
Fat is just as important to the body as carbohydrates, fats and comes in a variety of forms as well. The Mayo Clinic explains that monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats help lower cholesterol levels. Omega 3 fatty acids help the brain functions and can not be manufactured by the body. Saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol supplements can be harmful to health because they increase cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease.
Good and bad carbs
Some carbohydrates are very beneficial. Fruit, for example, has elements of both simple and complex carbohydrates. The simple sugars cause a rapid lift of energy but fiber (known as a complex carbohydrate) allows the sugar to be slowly released and cleans out the digestive tract. Therefore, a diet rich in fruit a diet of healthy, good carbs.
Simple carbohydrates, found in refined sugary foods such as cakes, cookies, white bread and other snacks, is “bad” carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates provide a rapid increase of sugar to the blood, but release can cause an increase in insulin levels leading to a sugar crash. The book “Addiction Free Naturally” explains how these refined sugar can be addictive, but harmful, leading to mood swings, headaches and insomnia. So stay away from bad carbohydrates found in processed, sugary foods.
Good and Bad Fats
Good fats, consisting of omega-3, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, found in a variety of sources. Avocados, flax seeds, walnuts, almonds, brazil nuts, sunflower seeds and other foods containing these fats. In addition, nuts have important minerals such as manganese, copper and magnesium. These minerals help hair, skin and nails become strong. Choose raw nuts and fruits, because cooking denatures the heat-sensitive fat.
Bad fats, like trans fat, saturated fat and cholesterol can cause heart problems. Foods containing these fats are usually animal-based, such as red meat, eggs, lard, butter, and seafood. Trans fats found in everything labeled “partially hydrogenated” on the ingredient list, usually in margarine, fried foods, and many cookies and cakes. This prevents the intake of these fats.
Many diets try to be “low-carb” or “low-fat,” and thus pose health risks. Some fats and carbohydrates are good, provides many health benefits to the body. Be wary of any diet that attempts to completely eliminate these two important nutrients deficiencies can form and body can become malnourished.