Kidney donation is a practice where a functioning kidney is removed from someone and placed into the body of a person experiencing end stage renal disease. donor kidney will function as a normal kidney when the body has adjusted, so that the recipient could potentially lead a very healthy, active life, there are two types of kidney donation: cadaver donation where the donor kidney is removed from someone who has died, and living-donor kidney donation, where someone gives up a kidney to someone else.
Many doctors encourage people to consider living- donor kidney donation. the primary reason for this is that kidneys from living donors perform better, but the use of a living donor also allows people to skip long waiting lists for organs, which gives them access to a kidney much earlier.
Family members are often asked to evaluate living- donor kidney donation, since they are often fighting for the recipient. if no family member agrees or not is a fight, people in need of kidneys contact with organizations that facilitate living donor kidney donation, or a friend can go forward to offer his kidney. use of kidneys from complete strangers grows more common, thanks to growing awareness of the need for organs and education about living- donor kidney donation.
in a cadaver kidney donation, the kidney harvested from a body and rushed into the operating room, so it can be transplanted into the recipient. Typically other organs harvested as well, such as hearts, lungs, and so on. in living-donor donations, recipient and donor go into the operating room together, a small incision is made in the donor to remove his kidney, and the kidney is transferred to the recipient. after surgery, several weeks of recovery time needed, but donor and recipient can resume fully active life, as long as they keep an eye on their diets and urine output. many donors say they notice no difference after they have healed, and many also express positive feelings about the experience.
people who are interested in living donor kidney donation can contact your local hospital or organ banks to discuss measures required to enroll in a donation program. Potential donors are screened for health problems and given preliminary tests, so they can be matched with recipients before they went in the database as potential donors for people who need a kidney. everyone is also encouraged to consider registering as an organ donor, so that if they die with usable organs, tissues and bones, these materials can be transplanted to people who need them.