The Various Endocrine Diseases

The Various Endocrine Diseases

endocrine diseases are usually caused by an imbalance in any part of the endocrine system, which consists of glands that are responsible for creating and regulating the hormones necessary for essential body functions. endocrine disease is usually caused by an excess of a hormone, or lack of one, but some disorders can actually create such imbalances. endocrine glands are also prone to tumors, which are usually not associated with a hormonal imbalance.
glucose disorders are also associated with the endocrine system. gland involved in them pancreas. It is responsible for creating glucagon and insulin. these two hormones are important in the regulation of sugar in the body. diseases that are caused by an imbalance of glucose, diabetes and hypoglycemia.
when people eat sugar, it is converted to glucose and then released into the bloodstream. for the cells to absorb glucose, the body must have insulin. with no insulin, your blood sugar may become dangerously high. this is what happens in diabetes. There are several different types of diabetes. Type 1 is present from birth and is characterized by the body’s inability to produce insulin. Type 2 -diabetes occurs later in life and is characterized by the inability of the body to use the insulin produced. The last type of diabetes called gestational diabetes and are only found in pregnant women.
hypoglycemia is the opposite of diabetes. instead of blood sugar gets too high, sufferers have blood sugar is unusually low. This is caused by not having enough of glucagon, which is responsible for helping the body use stored glucose for energy.
another group of endocrine diseases are caused by thyroid. this is located in the neck, the collarbone. it is responsible for establishing the body’s metabolism. The two main hormones made by the thyroid gland is triidothyronine and thyroxine. over- or under-production of one of these hormones causes disease. an overactive thyroid can cause symptoms such as weight loss and increased heart rate, while an under active gland can cause weight gain and fatigue.
pituitary is another part of this body that can be affected by endocrine diseases. about the size of a pea, it is at the foot of the brain, associated with the nerves to the hypothalamus. it is one of the major glands of the endocrine system because the hormones it produces stimulate other glands system to produce hormones they do. For example, the pituitary follicle-stimulating hormone, which stimulates the ovaries and testes of reproduction.
the most common form of pituitary disease is a tumor. such growth is rarely cancer. It can lead to hyper secretion or hypo-secretion of many different hormones in the body that pituitary stimulates. pituitary tumors can also cause pressure to areas of the brain that can lead to headaches and difficulty seeing.

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