Vitamins That The Body Needs

Vitamins That The Body Needs

There are 13 essential vitamins your body needs to stay healthy. These are vitamins A, C, D, E, K and the six B-complex vitamins. Each plays an important role in carrying out basic biological functions in your body. Not consuming enough of a certain vitamin puts you at risk of developing deficiency diseases that can cause serious damage to long-term health. A balanced, nutritious diet can help you get the vitamins your body needs.
vitamin A
Vitamin A is an antioxidant that your body needs to promote healthy vision, bone growth, normal cell function and a strong immune system. Foods rich in vitamin A are colorful fruits and vegetables, milk and liver. Many breakfast cereals are also fortified with vitamin A. Vitamin A deficiency has been linked to vision problems and increased mortality in young children.
vitamin C
Your body needs vitamin C to maintain healthy skin, bone growth, immune function and strong connective tissue. Get more vitamin C by consuming fruits and vegetables, including citrus, broccoli, tomatoes, green peppers and greens. Many fruit juices and cereals are also fortified with vitamin C. Vitamin C deficiency is known to cause Scurvy and has been linked to dental problems like loose teeth and gingivitis.
vitamin D
Vitamin D promotes healthy bone function by helping the body absorb calcium. It also plays a key role in nerve and muscle health. Not getting enough vitamin D can lead to diseases such as rickets and osteoporosis. Vitamin D is absorbed naturally into the body through sun exposure, but you can increase your intake by eating foods such as egg yolks, liver and saltwater fish.
vitamin E
This vitamin helps the body’s metabolic processes and immune system. Foods rich in vitamin E include leafy vegetables, nuts, seeds and vegetable oils. When the body does not get enough vitamin E, you may be more susceptible to neurological deficits, liver disease, cystic fibrosis and Crohn’s disease.
vitamin K
Vitamin K is responsible for helping produce proteins that provide for healthy tissue, promotes bone and blood clotting. Green vegetables and dark berries contain high amounts of Vitamin K. Newborns born with low vitamin K, and typically requires a shot of vitamin shortly after birth. Adults taking prescription blood thinners need to avoid consuming too much vitamin K. Vitamin K deficiencies can cause excessive bleeding and osteopenia.
B-Complex Vitamins
The B-complex vitamins B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin), B3 (niacin), B5 (pantothenic acid), B6, B7 (biotin), B12 and folic acid. They are responsible for producing red blood cells and helps the body produce energy. Eggs, fish, poultry, dairy products, vegetables and beans contain B-complex vitamins. B-complex vitamin deficiencies have been linked to anemia, skin problems, weakened bones and central nervous system.

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