The Difference Between Cerebral Palsy And Mental Retardation

The Difference Between Cerebral Palsy And Mental Retardation

cerebral palsy and mental retardation are two different conditions that each affects brain function while some individuals with cerebral palsy may also have mental retardation, the two conditions are often mistakenly used interchangeably. they each have different symptoms, causes and severity. Cerebral Palsy is a condition in which damage to the brain prevents a person from being able to fully control the physical movements, while mental retardation refers to a condition where a person has not fully developed intellectual ability compared to other people in his or her age group.
amount of knowledge about the causes of each of the conditions is another difference between cerebral palsy and mental retardation. cerebral palsy is thought to be possibly caused by factors causing brain damage to a fetus while in the womb. or shortly after birth injury can be caused by infections, such as rubella, toxoplasmosis, syphilis, chickenpox, or cytomegalovirus, present in the expectant mother during pregnancy, stroke in the fetus due to blood clots in the placenta or abnormal blood vessels, exposure to toxins during pregnancy or cases of viral encephalitis or meningitis in newborns. less is known about the causes of mental retardation and many estimate that in most cases the cause is unknown. possible causes are believed to be genetic abnormalities, such as inherited neurological or chromosomal disorders.
Another difference between cerebral palsy and mental retardation are potential treatment options. cerebral palsy are stiff limbs can be reduced by the use of muscle relaxants. Physical therapy can also be taken to help a person with the condition moves and go lighter and surgery can be performed in more serious cases to improve muscle coordination. mental retardation treatment often consists of therapy or counseling to help individuals acclimate to common tasks and gain the confidence to fully implement his or her highest intellectual capacity.

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