Human Leukocyte Antigen

Human Leukocyte Antigen

human leukocyte antigens (HLA) are associated with a number of genes that regulate the immune system. are proteins encoded gene cells known as antigens, which play a crucial role in organ transplants and compatibility donors and recipients. antigens function as defense against disease and can affect autoimmune diseases. HLA system can also determine a person’s particular scent and influence the choice of a mate for reproduction.
human leukocyte antigen testing match samples from potential donors with antigens found in the receiver. This evaluation, together with blood typing, is done for transplants including kidney, bone marrow and liver. The higher number of identical HLA antigens in humans, the greater the chance that the transplant will be successful. . .
antigen testing is also performed during paternity tests HLA antigens from the named father, mother and child are compared for similarities after a blood sample from all three achieved if a child produces antigens that are not found in the adults, the putative father ruled as a parent.
HLA types are inherited six dots on chromosome 6, with some of them are connected to autoimmune diseases and other conditions. a person who inherit specific antigens from his or her parents are more likely to develop diseases such as diabetes and lupus. cancer and hereditary diseases are also linked through human leukocyte antigen system, means doctors now can target abnormal cells before they develop into a cancerous state.

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