About Counting Carbs

About Counting Carbs

Low carbohydrate diets involve reducing carbohydrate consumption, usually to induce weight loss, but sometimes to treat other conditions such as epilepsy and diabetes. Examples of low carbohydrate diets, South Beach, Atkins, Stone Age, Scarsdale and Sugar Busters. While many of these diets differ in their execution and their type of carbohydrate restriction, all these diets cite the negative effects of refined sugar on health and fitness. Such diets often limit the consumption of high-starch or high-sugar foods such as white flour, white rice, potatoes and sugary desserts.
History
The first documented low-carbohydrate diets were popular in the 1960s. In 1967 published Dr. Irwin Stillman The Doctor’s Quick Weight Loss Diet, instructing consumers to adopt a high-protein, low-carbohydrate and low-fat diet. Other included Air Force Diet, Drinking Water Regulation Man’s Diet and Austrian doctor Wolfgang Lutz their Leben Ohne Brot (Life without bread). In 1972 published Dr. Robert Atkins Dr. Atkins’ Diet Revolution. Dr. Atkins’ theories were quite popular, but also drew criticism from the mainstream medical community. Opponents of the Atkins’ theories were careful dangers of excessive fat or protein. Other diets included Stone Age and Scarsdale diets. In 1981 Dr David Jenkins up glycemic index, which measured the effects of foods on blood glucose levels.
Dr. Atkins Low Carb vs. Controlled Carb
In 1990, published Robert Atkins Dr. Atkins’ New Diet Revolution with some changes. He has placed greater emphasis on the difference between good carbohydrates (sugary green vegetables, high antioxidant fruits) and bad carbohydrates (sugar white bread, sugary cereals). Dr. Atkins also referred to his diet as “controlled carbohydrate” rather than “low carb.” But the principles are the same. Dr. Atkins made the argument that restricting carbohydrate consumption can increase your metabolism, induces ketosis (low insulin levels), causing the body to burn more calories. He instructed dieters to monitor their carbohydrate intake by counting net carbs (carbohydrates consumed minus grams of fiber and sugar alcohols). There are four phases of the Atkins Diet Induction (limited to proteins and allowed vegetables), Ongoing Weight Loss (gradually re-adding foods like berries, nuts and whole grains), Pre-Maintenance and Lifetime Maintenance
Benefits <.
Besides weight loss, followers of low-carbohydrate diets report a number of benefits, including lower insulin levels. In a Stanford Medical School study, postmenopausal women divided into two groups, one with a 60-percent carbohydrate diet and the other with a 40 percent diet. In the fasting state, the plasma insulin and triaglycerol concentrations higher in the 60 percent group. Other reported benefits of low-carbohydrate diets include increased HDL (good) cholesterol and lower blood pressure. Some users also report improved gums, fewer sugar cravings, less “brain fog” and increased energy.
Consideration
But restricted carbohydrates is still a subject of controversy in the medical community. The American Heart Association claims that “Eating large amounts of high-fat foods for a longer period increases the risk of coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke and several types of cancer.” The American Heart Association claims that many low-carbohydrate diets are nutritionally unbalanced. Many of these diets overemphasize meat, cheese and eggs, which are high in saturated fat, while victims fruits, vegetables and whole grains. The American Heart Association also points out that such diets often result in increased consumption of sodium and reduces calcium, potassium and magnesium. The association further claims that much of the early weight loss on low-carbohydrate diets are only loss of water weight.
back Views
The Atkins company responds to the American Heart Association’s concerns with several counterarguments. Atkins claims that bad cholesterol will go up because the body has switched from sugar metabolism to fat metabolism. The company also points to studies linking high-carbohydrate diets to elevated triglycerides and HDL lowered and low-carbohydrate diets to lower triglycerides and higher HDL, factors in determining risk of heart disease. The company resolves claims that the diet is effective only because it is low-calorie. Atkins asserts that if calorie consumption is limited, it is because sugar and carbohydrate cravings reduction under Atkins Diet.

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