Ocular Toxoplasmosis

Ocular Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by infection with a parasite, a microbe that can only survive by living in their host cells, called Toxoplasma gondii. parasite may be acquired through eating uncooked meat or contact with cat feces, and unborn babies can pick up the infection from their mothers. ocular toxoplasmosis is one of the forms that parasitic infection can take, for involving the eyes, causing inflammation and injury. in severe cases, vision loss may result. ocular toxoplasmosis can be treated using antibiotics and steroids, but it is not possible to reverse eye damage once it has occurred.
in a healthy adult, results toxoplasmosis typically a mild illness with symptoms such as swollen glands and rash. ocular toxoplasmosis may develop, but it is more commonly associated with congenital infections, which begins in the womb. babies who pick up the disease from their mothers at the beginning of a pregnancy is usually more severely affected. sometimes the infection can be fatal or child may be born with brain abnormalities as well as being at risk of developing eye inflammation of ocular toxoplasmosis.
ocular toxoplasmosis causes inflammation of the retina, the part of the eye that senses light and choroid, a supportive layer of tissue containing blood vessels that supply the inner eye. inflammation causes damage and scarring, which can lead to partial or complete loss of vision, or relative as a squint, a shrunken eye, or a cloudy lens. Once scarring has occurred it is not reversible. symptoms may include redness in the eye and pain, blurred, distorted vision, and the appearance of floating dark shapes.
treatment of ocular toxoplasmosis involves a combination of different antibiotics, and in some cases steroids are also used. the goal of treatment is to prevent progression, but this is complicated by the fact that certain cases of ocular toxoplasmosis occur years after the initial infection. it is possible for the disease to recur after treatment and in some cases long term medication is needed.

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